2nd Grade

JA Our Community (2nd Grade)

JA Our Community allows students to learn about workers, the work they perform, why workers are paid, what taxes are and how they are used, and how and where to save money.


Session One: How Does a Community Work?

Students identify typical jobs by studying a poster that illustrates a community. They develop an awareness of how people live and work together in a community.

Key Learning Objectives:

  1. Identify a variety of jobs in the community.
  2. Recognize how people live and work in a community.
  3. Become aware of a wide range of job opportunities.

Session Two: Sweet "O" Donuts

Students, individually and in groups, use different production strategies to simulate producing donuts for Sweet "O" Donuts.

Key Learning Objectives:

  1. Define production.
  2. Compare unit and assembly-line production methods.
  3. Explain that different strategies are used to produce different types of products.

Session Three: The Role of Government

Students learn about the economic role of government in a community by identifying services that government provides to citizens. Students also recognize that government must collect taxes to pay for these services.

Key Learning Objectives:

  1. Recognize government jobs in the community.
  2. Understand why taxation is necessary.

Session Four: A New Business

Students determine the best use for the empty store on the "How Does a Community Work?" poster. The step-by-step, decision-making process helps students understand how group decisions are made.

Key Learning Objectives:

  1. Define choices.
  2. Use a decision-making model.
  3. Recognize the need to make informed decisions.
  4. Take personal responsibility for decisions.

Session Five: Money Moves

Students learn about an economys circular flow of money. (Download Money Moves song.)

Key Learning Objectives:

  1. Identify circumstances of money being exchanged for goods or services.
  2. Recognize how money flows through a community's economy.

JA Our Community enhances students':

  • Concepts: ballot, banking, benefits, business, choices, circular flow of money, community, defect, division of labor, economic institutions, goods, government, incentives, interdependence, jobs, money, needs, productivity, quality, resources, services, skills, specialization of labor, taxes, trade-offs, vote, wants.
  • Skills: comparing, critical thinking, constructing data, decision-making, developing ideas, displaying data, formulating questions, identifying choices, interpreting data, listening responsively, making observations, matching, predicting based on data, problem-solving, role-playing, teamwork.

JA Our Community is a series of five activities recommended for students in second grade. The average time for each session is 30 minutes. Materials are packaged in a self-contained kit that includes detailed session plans for the volunteer and materials for 30 students.

All JA programs are designed to support the skills and competencies identified by the Partnership for 21st Century Skills. These programs also augment school-based, work-based and connecting activities for communities with school-to-work initiatives.

For more information about the program, refer to the Program Summary.

To see how this program correlates to California State Education Standards and the Common Core Standards, click here.